Talking about the past
Attention : les formes utilisées en français ne correspondent pas à celles utilisées en anglais
Aucun lien avec le présent
I did my training period last summer.
I worked at the front desk.
Did you meet a lot of people?
I didn't see him at the meeting
Bilan d’expérience, en lien avec le présent
Present perfect (have + V-past participle)
I have never been to Australia.
Have you ever worked as a receptionist?
I haven’t finished my report yet.
Toujours associé à une durée
I waited for two hours (and then the manager came in).
I lived in London for one year (back in 2007).
Present Perfect (have V–past participle)
We have worked on this project for three weeks.
I have lived in London for six months (I still live there).
Toujours associé à un moment précis
Present perfect (relié au moment présent) (have V–past participle)
I haven’t heard from them since I came back from my internship.
She has been in London since last May.
Pour localiser un évènement passé
I got this job two months ago.
We saw them half an hour ago.
Pour marquer la position de deux évènements passés
Past Perfect (Had + V-past participle)
It was 8.00AM and I suddenly remembered that Mrs Jackson had asked me to wake up her at 7.30.
Yesterday I studied all day long for the exams and at 5.00PM I felt I had worked enough. It was time to relax.
Apporter un éclairage particulier
Most of the time I was welcoming guests at reception.
They were refurbishing the hotel.
What were you doing when the phone rang?
I was talking to some guests.
Bilan et commentaire sur le sujet
Have been + V-ing
How long have you been working in this establishment?
I have been working here for seven years (I love it, it’s a great job / Such a long time! I need to find another job).